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Community Linkages

Community Linkages:
Targeting the Desired Linkage

The following table gives a brief outline of the key elements in various types of linkages a nonprofit might employ to maximize effectiveness and leverage resources.

The table is adapted from community-building training presented in 1997 by South Dakota State University Cooperative Extension Service/National Network for Collaborations.

Levels

Purpose
Structure
Process
Networking
  • dialog
  • clearinghouse
  • base of support
  • non-hierarchical
  • flexible link
  • roles loosely defined
  • informal leaders
  • minimal decisions
  • little conflict
  • informal communication
  • Cooperation or Alliance
  • needs/resources coordinated
  • low duplication
  • tasks acknowledged
  • few people serve communication hub
  • roles defined
  • links advisory
  • group leverages $
  • facilitative leaders
  • complex decisions
  • some conflict
  • formal communication
  • Coordination or Partnership
  • $ shared
  • merged resource base to create something new
  • core people serve as decision makers
  • roles defined
  • links formalized
  • new $ developed
  • issue-focused leaders
  • group decision-making
  • communication is frequent and clear
  • Coalition
  • ideas shared
  • resources realigned
  • three-year commitment
  • shared decisions
  • roles/time defined
  • written linkages
  • new resources and merged budget
  • shared leadership
  • communication is common and prioritized
  • Collaboration
  • shared vision
  • interdependent system
  • consensus of all in decision-making
  • roles/time/evaluation formalized
  • written formal links
  • shared leadership
  • high trust level
  • ideas/decision shared
  • high level of communication
  •