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Community Linkages:
Targeting the Desired Linkage


The following table gives a brief outline of the key elements in various types of linkages a nonprofit might employ to maximize effectiveness and leverage resources.

The table is adapted from community-building training presented in 1997 by South Dakota State University Cooperative Extension Service/National Network for Collaborations.
 

Levels
Purpose
Structure
Process
Networking
  • dialog
  • clearinghouse
  • base of support
  • non-hierarchical
  • flexible link
  • roles loosely defined
  • informal leaders
  • minimal decisions
  • little conflict
  • informal communication
Cooperation or Alliance
  • needs/resources coordinated
  • low duplication
  • tasks acknowledged
  • few people serve communication hub
  • roles defined
  • links advisory
  • group leverages $
  • facilitative leaders
  • complex decisions
  • some conflict
  • formal communication
Coordination or Partnership
  • $ shared
  • merged resource base to create something new
  • core people serve as decision makers
  • roles defined
  • links formalized
  • new $ developed
  • issue-focused leaders
  • group decision-making
  • communication is frequent and clear
Coalition
  • ideas shared
  • resources realigned
  • three-year commitment
  • shared decisions
  • roles/time defined
  • written linkages
  • new resources and merged budget
  • shared leadership
  • communication is common and prioritized
Collaboration
  • shared vision
  • interdependent system
  • consensus of all in decision-making
  • roles/time/evaluation formalized
  • written formal links
  • shared leadership
  • high trust level
  • ideas/decision shared
  • high level of communication

Sumption & Wyland

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Governance

Nonprofit board governance is indispensable to nonprofit success. From board recruitment and selection to roles, responsibilities, and regulatory requirements, we assist leaders to maximize their board's value and success, both as individual members and collectively.

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Executive coaching can make the difference in a successful career. We maintain a select coaching practice that allows us to focus on each client individually and be available to them when needed.

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