Targeting the Desired Linkage
The following table gives a brief outline of the key elements in various types of linkages a nonprofit might employ to maximize effectiveness and leverage resources.
The table is adapted from community-building training presented in 1997 by South Dakota State University Cooperative Extension Service/National Network for Collaborations.
|Networking||dialog clearing house base of support||non-hierarchical flexible link roles loosely defined||informal leaders minimal decisions little conflict informal communication|
|Cooperation or Alliance||needs/resources coordinated low duplication tasks acknowledged||few people serve communication hub roles defined links advisory group leverages||facilitative leaders complex decisions some conflict formal communication|
|Coordination or Partnership||shared merged resource base to create something new||core people serve as decision makers roles defined links formalized new developed||issue-focused leaders group decision-making communication is frequent and clear|
|Coalition||ideas shared resources realigned-three commitment||shared decisions roles/time defined written linkages new resources and merged budget||shared leadership communication is common and prioritized|
|Collaboration||shared vision interdependent system||consensus of all in making-roles/time/evaluation formalized written formal links||shared leadership high trust level ideas/decision shared high level of communication|